Research has shown that children from minority groups are disproportionately represented in out-of-home care. Strategies to achieve permanency for these children often involve connecting with relatives and birth families and conducting targeted recruitment of adoptive families. Resources include State and local examples.
African American Adoptions
In Child Welfare Revisited: An Africentric Perspective
Examines important issues in African American adoption practice and offers suggestions, using an Africentric perspective for improving services delivery outcomes. Includes strategies for recruitment and retention of African American adoptive families.
Permanent Family Placement for Children of Minority Ethnic Origin
Centre for Research on the Child and Family (2000)
Reports the findings of a longitudinal study of the development of ethnic identity in minority children placed in foster care and adoption.
Understanding the Cultural Context: Working with American Indian Children and Families
Designed to assist child welfare workers in providing services to American Indian children and families that address and comply with both the Indian Child Welfare Act and the Adoption and Safe Families Act.
Denver Indian Family Resource Center: Research Report (PDF - 1,080 KB)
Rocky Mountain Quality Improvement Center (2007)
Discusses the activities and outcomes of the project designed to prevent removal and out-of-home placement, or to promote timely return home of Native American children who have become involved with the child welfare system due to parental substance abuse and child neglect or maltreatment.
Final Progress Report: Innovations to Increase Permanency Options for Children in Kinship Care
Institute for Black Parenting (2003)
This private agency in California developed strategies to achieve adoption and guardianship outcomes for children in kinship care.
Indian Child and Family Services Kinship Care Program Final Evaluation
Southern California Indian Center (2003)
Demonstration project supported placements of American Indian children with relatives in the Los Angeles/Orange County area.
Kappos, Cristo, & Carranza (2003)
Activities and outcomes of a 4-year federally funded project that provided home-based services to reduce the risk of child abandonment in families of Latina women affected by HIV/AIDS and/or substance abuse.